TrustDR Useful links  

This page provides some useful links organised under headings relevant to the TrustDR project. Many of the websites are referred to in project documents and external links are provided here with minimal explanation for those requiring a quick reference point to sources of information. NB quite a few of these llinks have decayed.


IPR and Copyright
Standards and specifications

Digital Rights Management

Creative Commons

Other licences


Learning Object Repositories

Guidance and Advocacy


IPR and Copyright  

The World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) is “dedicated to promoting the use and protection of works of the human spirit” and provides a wealth of resources from an international perspective. provides an official UK government source of information on copyright


Information and guidance for the education sector on Intellectual Property is available from the JISC Legal Information Service


Comprehensive information is available from IPR-Helpdesk including a basic Guide on copyright


Copyright Management for Scholarship website from the SURF Foundation


The Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 and amendments under Statutory Instruments The Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 1996 and The Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 2003 (and others) are available in full text from the Office of Public Sector Information


A list of Copyright guidelines from various HE institutions, collated as part of a research project, is available from Loughborough University library.


The Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd. (CLA) licenses organisations for photocopying and scanning.


Copyright resources from the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)


Standards and specifications

The Centre for Educational Technology Interoperability Standards (CETIS) provides information on international learning technology standards initiatives from bodies such as IMS Global Learning Consortium and IEEE Learning Technology Standards Committee


The Association for Learning Technology (ALT) promotes good practice and collaboration in the use of learning technology and runs a yearly conference


A useful explanation of learning standards is available from the MASIE Center


Metadata –

  • UK Learning Object Metadata Core (UK LOM Core) based on IEEE LOM
  • Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI)
  • Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS)
  • Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS)


Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM)


IMS Content Packaging and CETIS briefing


Content Object Repository Discovery and Registration/Resolution Architecture (CORDRA)


Open Archive Initiative (OAI) and OAI-Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH)


OAI for beginners (


Open Digital Rights Language (ODRL)


Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


Digital Rights Management

Europe4DRM aims to educate policy makers on emergent services and technologies in the digital content sector.


Briefing paper on Digital Rights Management systems from IPR-Helpdesk


Intrallect, suppliers of the UHI Digital Repository IntraLibrary, have carried out a number of studies including DRM for JISC


ContentGuard implements DRM in the commercial sector, and promotes use of XrML Digital Rights Language


CEN/ISSS (EU body for standards in ICT) published a DRM: final report


IEEE LTSC WG4 is working towards recommendations for Digital Rights Expression Languages (DREL)


Creative Commons

The main Creative Commons website has information on the range of licences available and tools to help publish your work online with a CC licence


The Creative Commons UK site contains information about the new licences for England & Wales jurisdiction, and the draft version for Scotland


Search for Creative Commons content using the CC search engine


See related information and comments by Lawrence Lessig, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Creative Commons on Lessig blog


Andres Guadamuz Technology Law blog follows Creative Commons developments as well as IPR and DRM issues


Examples of Creative Commons licences in use include:

  • MIT OpenCourseware – free educational course content from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (BY-NC-SA)
  • Berklee Shares – free music lessons from Berklee Press (BY-ND-NC)
  • Connexions Repository – Based at Rice University, the “Content Commons” contains collaboratively produced educational materials using Attribution (BY)
  • Geograph British Isles - a project which aims to photographically document every square km of Britain (BY-SA)
  • Library Success – a new wiki for sharing best practice in libraries including a section on Technology (BY-NC-ND)


Other licences

GNU Free Documentation Licence for software documentation


BBC’s Creative Archive licence for content used in the UK

AEShareNet Instant and mediated licences for learning materials in Australia


BCcampus BC Commons licence for education in British Columbia

JORUM depositor licence agreement



Project UK

The JISC Digital Repositories Programme main page lists and describes the projects funded under this call, including

RepoMMan (Repository Metadata and Management) – Looking at workflows


Rights & Rewards in Blended Institutional Repositories – Investigating the motivations and support required for staff depositing content in repositories

TrustDR – Investigating the technical, legal and cultural issues associated with IPR in digital repositories.


Current JISC projects build on FAIR (Focus on Access to Institutional Repositories) and X4L (Exchange for Learning). Phase 2 of X4L is funding the development of Learning Objects for sharing and reuse, to be deposited in JORUM


Mandate (Managing Digital Assets in Tertiary Education) – developing a toolkit to support implementation of a digital asset management system in a FE setting (John Wheatley College)


Project RoMEO (Rights Metadata for Open archiving) – investigated rights issues in self archiving of research material. Following collaboration with SHERPA, the SHERPA/RoMEO Publishers’ Copyright listings website is now available


Projects: International


COLIS Phase1 and COLIS Phase2 are collaborative projects based in Australia providing access to shared learning resources


SURF DAREnet – Digital Academic Repositories in the Netherlands giving full content access to all free material in local Dutch academic repositries


ColLib is a wiki which aims to explore whether documents from OAI-PMH compliant repositories can be organised by end users


OAIstera US project harvesting and aggregating resources using OAI-PMH


Learning Object Repositories

JORUM – National repository service for teaching and learning materials. Various Research and Development publications are available, with newer reports here

STOR CURAM – this project will become a service of the Scottish Institute for Excellence in Social Work Education (SIESWE) called the Learning Exchange


Learning Object Repository for Edinburgh University (LORE)

This project aims to provide an institutional LO repository. A training guide: The LORE repository system: workbook (pdf) has been produced


YH Learning (formerly HLSI) – a collaborative repository service for the Yorkshire and Humber Region


Repository systems -

HarvestRoad a federated digital repository system for elearning

DSpace – Open Source digital repository system


Guidance and Advocacy

Briefing papers from JISC supporting the use of Digital Repositories in universities (pdf) and colleges (pdf)


UKOLN/Eduserv report: Digital Repositories Roadmap: looking forward


HEFCE good practice Intellectual property rights in e-learning programmes


Digital Curation Centre (DCC) carries out research, produces guides and has an advisory and training service


The Technical Advisory Service for Images (TASI) provides advice on all aspects of digitisation, including Metadata, IPR and Digital Rights Management


Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) publish good practice guides and information papers including Copyright and other rights issues in digitisation and run relevant training courses


UKOLN provides advice and services in digital information management


On the SURF website Copyright Management for Scholarship the Zwolle Principles outline the balanced view for all stakeholders.